The Feast of Weeks; Pentecost

And when the day of Pentecost had come, they were all together in the same place.

Acts 2:1 (LEB)

The Feast of Weeks, Shavuot, or in Greek, Pentecost, is traditionally the feast day that celebrates the marriage covenant between Yahuah and His people at Mount Horeb. It is also the feast that believers gathering on that day received the breath of God, with tongues of fire, most commonly referred to as the Holy Spirit. Pentecost means fifty in the Greek language and this is where the “Pentecostal” churches derive their name. It is unfortunate that many of these churches do not celebrate this day, nor do they know the significance of “fifty” in relationship to the name Pentecostal or Pentecost.

Leviticus 23:15–16 (LEB)

15 “ ‘And you shall count for yourselves from the day after the Sabbath, from the day of your bringing the wave offering’s sheaf—there shall be seven full weeks. 16 Until the day after the seventh Sabbath you shall count fifty days; then you shall present a new grain offering for Yahweh.

I have seen some cases where churches will call the Sundays leading up to Pentecost, the seven Sundays of Easter. This is an invention of man likely to avoid appearing too “Jewish” by doing anything related to the biblical Sabbath or the biblical feast days. The Feast of Weeks leading up to the fiftieth day, are counted by the seven sabbaths from the Sabbath in the Week of Unleavened Bread, which is part of the Passover celebration. We can actually see these days referred to as the first sabbath and second sabbath in scripture, but we have to use the translations that use the Textus Receptus manuscripts, such as the King James Version.

Luke 6:1 (KJV 1900)

And it came to pass on the second sabbath after the first, that he went through the corn fields; and his disciples plucked the ears of corn, and did eat, rubbing them in their hands.

The word for the “second sabbath after the first” is Strong’s G1207, meaning the second sabbath after Passover. Most bible translations have dismissed this word and just translated it as “another sabbath”.

Thayer Definition:
1) second-first
2) the second of the first Sabbaths after the feast of the Passover

This is important because it shows us the error of some of the translations which translate “first sabbath’ to “first day of the week”. We see clearly in Acts 20:6 Paul sailed away after Unleavened Bread. Five days later they were at Troas.

Acts 20:6 (LEB)

And we sailed away from Philippi after the days of Unleavened Bread and came to them at Troas within five days, where we stayed seven days.

In Acts 20:7, we see them meeting on the first day of the week. The problem is the word “day” is not in the text, added by translators, and the word “week” is “sabbaton” in the Greek manuscripts. This should be translated the “first sabbath”. This pokes holes in the “meeting on Sunday narrative”, the church started to proclaim much later.

Acts 20:7 (LEB)

And on the first day of the week, when we had assembled to break bread, Paul began conversing with them, because he was going to leave on the next day, and he extended his message until midnight.

The word for “week” in this case is Strong’s G4521. Why would this not be translated the “first sabbath”?

Thayer Definition:
1) the seventh day of each week which was a sacred festival on which the Israelites were required to abstain from all work
1a) the institution of the sabbath, the law for keeping holy every seventh day of the week
1b) a single sabbath, sabbath day
2) seven days, a week

If we understand that Pentecost is determined by counting seven sabbaths after Passover, and the fifty days always lands on a Sunday, it will help believers, brainwashed by tradition, understand the significance of the Leviticus 23 feasts, including the sabbaths. The Creator sanctified the seventh day at creation, and there is no church leader or prophet that can twist scripture enough to unsanctify it. The opposite of “sanctify” is demonize, desecrate and pollute, which is exactly what the paganized, antisemitic churches did to the sabbaths in the beginning.

Genesis 2:1–3 (LEB)

And heaven and earth and all their array were finished. And on the seventh day God finished his work that he had done, and he rested on the seventh day from all his work that he had done. 3 And God blessed the seventh day, and he sanctified it, because on it he rested from all his work of creating that there was to do.

Now that we have shown that Pentecost is not an invention of the Church, and has nothing to do with Easter, but is a feast tightly woven into the fabric of the Creator, let’s look at the significance of Pentecost. It was the time of the Feast of Weeks that Yahuah made His marriage contract with His people, the twelve tribes of Israel at Mount Horeb.

Exodus 19:1–8 (LEB)

19 In the third month after the Israelites went out from the land of Egypt, on this day they came to the Sinai desert. They set out from Rephidim, and they came to the desert of Sinai, and they camped in the desert, and Israel camped there in front of the mountain. And Moses went up to God, and Yahweh called to him from the mountain, saying, “Thus you will say to the house of Jacob and you will tell the Israelites, ‘You yourselves have seen what I did to Egypt and how I bore you on eagles’ wings and I brought you to me. And now if you will carefully listen to my voice and keep my covenant, you will be a treasured possession for me out of all the peoples, for all the earth is mine, but you, you will belong to me as a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.’ These are the words that you will speak to the Israelites.” And Moses came and called the elders of the people, and he placed before them all these words that Yahweh had commanded him. And all the people together answered and said, “All that Yahweh has spoken we will do.” And Moses brought back the words of the people to Yahweh.

This was not the first time that a covenant was made during Shavuot. The book of Jubilees, found in the caves of Qumran with our oldest transcript of Genesis, gives us a great history of the Feast of Weeks.

The Book of Jubilees translated by R. H. Charles 6:15-19

15 And He gave to Noah and his sons a sign that there should not again
be a flood on the earth.
16. He set His bow in the cloud for a sign of the eternal covenant that
there should not again be a flood on the earth to destroy it all the days of
the earth.
17. For this reason it is ordained and written on the heavenly tables, that
they should celebrate the feast of weeks in this month once a year, to
renew the covenant every year.

18. And this whole festival was celebrated in heaven from the day of
creation till the days of Noah-twenty-six jubilees
(1309-1659 A.M.) and
five weeks of years: and Noah and his sons observed it for seven jubilees
and one week of years, till the day of Noah’s death, and from the day
of Noah’s death his sons did away with (it) until the days of Abraham,
and they ate blood.
19. But Abraham observed it, and Isaac and Jacob and his children
observed it up to thy days, and in thy days the children of Israel forgot it
until ye celebrated it anew on this mountain.

The book of Jubilees is written as from angels narrating the law and history to Moses when he was on the mountain. Stephen makes reference to this in the book of Acts before he was stoned. I recommend reading the book of Jubilees because it gives a little more detail in some cases than Genesis. Most Christians will not read it because they are afraid to read any ancient texts that are not approved by the Westminster Confessions or Rabbinical Judaism.

Acts 7:53 (LEB)

53 you who received the law by directions of angels and have not observed it!

The instructions of the Creator were not first given at Mount Horeb to the “Jews”, as is falsely claimed today. God’s people were always given His instructions until they forgot them, or stopped doing them, and all twelve tribes were at Mount Horeb, not just the tribe of Judah.

Genesis 26:4–5 (LEB)

And I will multiply your descendants like the stars of heaven, and I will give to your descendants all these lands. And all nations of the earth will be blessed through your offspring, because Abraham listened to my voice and kept my charge: my commandments, my statutes, and my laws.

The Creator, or Heavenly Father in New Testament terms, gave us His Spirit on this feast as it is recorded in the book of Acts.

Acts 2:1–4 (LEB)

2 And when the day of Pentecost had come, they were all together in the same place. And suddenly a sound like a violent rushing wind came from heaven and filled the whole house where they were sitting. And divided tongues like fire appeared to them and rested on each one of them. And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other languages as the Spirit gave them ability to speak out.

This rushing wind is called Ruach in Hebrew. It is translated “spirit” from the Greek word Pnoe, which also means wind or breath. We get words such as “pneumatic” and “pneumonia” from the Greek word. Before this event, the disciples of Yeshua were hiding out and not very bold. Afterwards, they went out proclaiming the gospel.

John 16:7–15 (LEB)

But I tell you the truth, it is better for you that I go away. For if I do not go away, the Advocate will not come to you; but if I go, I will send him to you. And when he comes, he will convict the world concerning sin and concerning righteousness and concerning judgment: concerning sin, because they do not believe in me, 10 and concerning righteousness, because I am going away to the Father and you will see me no more, 11 and concerning judgment, because the ruler of this world has been condemned. 12 I still have many things to say to you, but you are not able to bear them now. 13 But when he—the Spirit of truth—comes, he will guide you into all the truth. For he will not speak from himself, but whatever he hears he will speak, and he will proclaim to you the things to come. 14 He will glorify me, because he will take from what is mine and will proclaim it to you. 15 Everything that the Father has is mine. For this reason I said that he takes from what is mine and will proclaim it to you.

Once again the Father ratifies His covenant with His people on Shavuot. This time it is not with the blood of animals as in the past, but the blood of Messiah and His Spirit. What effect does this have on those present? It emboldened them to start preaching repentance to the commandments of God and the good news that was bestowed on all of mankind, to be able to share in the covenants of promise with the House of Israel and the House of Judah.

Galatians 3:13–14 (LEB)

13 Christ redeemed us from the curse of the law by becoming a curse for us, because it is written, “Cursed is everyone who hangs on a tree,” 14 in order that the blessing of Abraham might come to the Gentiles in Christ Jesus, so that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith.

It is so twisted for Christianity to teach the curse of the law is the law itself. The curse of the law happens when one breaks the law. Romans 7:12 (LEB) ” So then, the law is holy, and the commandment is holy and righteous and good”.

Peter gives a speech after a man is healed at the time of Pentecost and everyone is wondering what is going on with people speaking in other languages and getting healed. He explains to them it is a refreshing of the covenant promised through the prophets. Yeshua did not come to start a new world religion called Christianity. He was the one called “a prophet like Moses” who would come to gather the lost sheep of the House of Israel and extend the promises to the nations. One could say the “church” started with Abraham, lost its way, then was renewed at Mount Horeb, lost its way, brought back by Yeshua and renewed. Unfortunately, the church has lost its way again just as prophesied. Yeshua will once again call His people and gather them out from where they are scattered.

Acts 3:12–26 (LEB)

12 And when he saw it, Peter replied to the people, “Men and Israelites, why are you astonished at this? Or why are you staring at us, as if by our own power or godliness we have made him walk? 13 The God of Abraham and of Isaac and of Jacob, the God of our fathers, has glorified his servant Jesus, whom you handed over and denied in the presence of Pilate, after he had decided to release him. 14 But you denied the Holy and Righteous One and demanded that a man—a murderer—be granted to you. 15 And you killed the originator of life, whom God raised from the dead, of which we are witnesses! 16 And on the basis of faith in his name, his name has made this man strong, whom you see and know, and the faith that is through him has given him this perfect health in the presence of you all. 17 And now, brothers, I know that you acted in ignorance, just as your rulers did also. 18 But the things which God foretold through the mouth of all the prophets, that his Christ would suffer, he has fulfilled in this way. 19 Therefore repent and turn back, so that your sins may be blotted out, 20 so that times of refreshing may come from the presence of the Lord, and he may send the Christ appointed for you—Jesus, 21 whom heaven must receive until the times of the restoration of all things, about which God spoke through the mouth of his holy prophets from earliest times. 22 Moses said, ‘The Lord God will raise up for you a prophet like me from your brothers. You will listen to him in everything that he says to you. 23 And it will be that every soul who does not listen to that prophet will be destroyed utterly from the people.’ 24 And indeed, all the prophets from Samuel and all those who followed him* have spoken about and proclaimed these days. 25 You are the sons of the prophets and of the covenant that God ordained with your fathers, saying to Abraham, ‘And in your offspring all the nations of the earth will be blessed.’ 26 God, after he* had raised up his servant, sent him to you first, to bless you by turning each of you back from your wickedness!”

On Pentecost, remember that our spiritual ancestors were delivered from slavery in Egypt at this time and instructed in the perfect ways of the Creator. His Spirit was given to write these instructions on our heart and deliver us from evil and death. Repent and believe the gospel, so that your sins can be blotted out, and a refreshing may come from the presence of the Lord!

Photo by Jez Timms on Unsplash.

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